Landlords have a lot of responsibilities with regards to the safety and security of the property that they are letting out to their respective tenants.
Listed below are some of the significant aspects to consider.
Landlords are required to make sure that the gas boilers and other equipment are annually checked and examined.
The result of the gas and equipment safety checks should then be recorded and kept for future reference. Landlords are also legally obligated to provide their tenants with an annual gas safety certificate.
This specific service must be performed by a skilled and registered Gas Safe contractor, or most commonly known as the Council for the Registration of Gas Installers (CORGI).
Every single furnishing and furniture of the property must achieve the meticulous criteria set by the Furniture and Furnishings Regulations of 1988.
Under these guidelines, all upholstered items (including sofas and beds) must have fire-resistant feature and have passed the match resistance. All filling materials and cover fabrics should also pass the cigarette resistance test. Most commonly used items should have proof or a compliance code on them, to guarantee that they have already been tested with fire-safety.
As a general rule, items that were bought before the year 1988 should be replaced. This regulation also applies to beds, pillows, sofas, as well as nursery furniture, but not the antique furniture made on or before the 1950s, such as curtains, duvets, and carpets.
All electrical wirings in the property must be in good working condition. Smoke alarms should be fitted properly for them to be work accurately.
Wirings that have been installed for more than 15 years should be examined annually. To measure the electrical safety of the house, the landlord must appoint a certified electrician, approved by the Part ‘P’ Competent Person Scheme.
The law pertaining electrical safety for landlords is the Smoke Detectors Act of 1991, and The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations of 1994.
Certificates for Energy Performance
Landlords have been lawfully obligated to provide any potential tenants, a copy of the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC); this regulation has been required by the government since the 1st of October 2008.
An Energy Performance Certificate shows the landlord, as well as their potential tenants, how energy efficient the rental property is on a scale of A to G (with A being the most efficient). The EPC also specifies the impact the property has on the environment (still using the scale of A to G).
The EPC will then make certain recommendations about how a property’s energy efficiency can be further developed. It is valid for about 10 years and should be acquired from a qualified and skilled Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA), who should also be affiliated with an accreditation organization, approved by the Government.
Should landlords fail to acquire the Energy Performance Certificate before they market a rental property, they will be accountable to pay up a certain amount of fine and must remove the property from market until they have acquired one. However, landlords are NOT required to acquire a new certificate for each time they re-let a property.
If landlords refuse to rent out the property because that person is disabled, they are committing a serious offence under the Disability Discrimination Act of 1995.
It is also an offence to enforce higher deposit or rental charges based on the person’s disability. However, landlords are not obliged to modify the property to accommodate a person with a disability, but they must not stop the disabled tenant from modifying or making certain alterations to significantly improve their access to the property.
Table Of Contents
- Landlords Home Letting guide Intro
- Responsibilities Of A Landlord
- Landlords and Houses In Multiple Occupation
- Letting A Room In Your Own Property
- Contracts With The Tenants
- Pros And Cons Of Hiring A Letting Agent
- Landlord Letting Insurance
- Tenancy Deposit Schemes
- Evicting Tenants
- Difficulties That May Arise With Tenants